## Friday, June 25, 2010

### Paper Model of DNA - 2009-2010

If you are looking for the patterns and some pictures for the paper DNA model, please look at my April 8, 2007 posts! Starting with:

http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2007/04/how-to-make-paper-model-of-dna.html

http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2007/04/cut-out-pattern-for-making-paper-model_08.html

http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2007/04/cut-out-pattern-for-making-paper-model.html
They include the directions and templates for making the model.

Here are the pictures of the DNA model that was made by my students for the school year 2009-2010.  The sections of blue and gold DNA were the result of instruction by my student teachers from the University of Delaware and are the school's colors.

## Sunday, June 20, 2010

### How Long Will It Take To Clean Up the Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico? - An Engineering Calculation

Click on each page to view the calculations.  Here is the summary, or conclusion that can be inferred from the calculations:
If the oil reservoir contains 2 billion gallons and the well leaks at a rate of 1 million gallons/day, it will take 2000 days (5.47 years) to empty the reservoir. If the rate of shoreline fouling is 100 cubic inches of tar and oil per square yard of beach per every 10 days, then it will take 26,260 days to clean the Gulf (71.9 years) if the only method of tar and oil removal is to clean the beach.  Read the details below:

### Protein Synthesis - Graphic Organizer - Storyboarding

I use storyboarding to teach the processes of protein synthesis, photosynthesis, and cellular respiration. I introduce my students to the concept of storyboarding by showing them this American Film Institute video, which can be found on these two web sites:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pWPjjoOFIu8
or
http://www.afi.com/education/screened/demo/screened_tables_student.aspx
However, the above links have now become unavailable.  I'm leaving them in there for reference.  But I found another website that has the video!!!  https://app.schooltube.com/video/d2525f42fd3809f3dabd/Storyboarding%20(AFI's%20Lights,%20Camera,%20Education!)
I did find a website with a video about storyboarding on this website, even though it is not nearly as good as the original, I does give students ideas about drawing out stories as pictures or cartoons.
http://uwsslec.libguides.com/c.php?g=187016&p=1236350

I introduce this lesson by telling students that the class will be playing the roles of the molecules involved in the process of protein synthesis.  Before we can play the roles, we need to familiarize ourselves with the story and the characters of the story.
Here we talk about the characters by using this handout (example key follows):

THE STORY OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
THE CHARACTERS

Next, we begin to visualize the characters in the story of protein synthesis by drawing cartoon pictures of them on a storyboard hand-out that can be obtained from this web site:
Here is an example:

Here are some examples of storyboards for the process of protein synthesis:

After composing the storyboards for the process of protein synthesis, students "act" out the process by participating in the Protein Synthesis and Words Activity, which was designed by Lynn Marie Wartski, that is on the Access for Excellence Web Site:  http://www.accessexcellence.org/AE/ATG/data/released/0247-LynnWartski/index.php    I created a playbill and I display it in the classroom, during the activity.  It illustrates the characters and describes the activity.
My previous posts have the storyboards for respiration, the Calvin cycle, and the light reactions of photosynthesis.

Here are some examples of books that utilize graphics to teach:
http://www.powells.com/book/manga-guide-to-molecular-biology-9781593272029/2-2
Also, Larry Gonick's cartoon guides are fun and informative:
http://www.powells.com/SearchResults?kw=title:larry%20gonick

For the storyboarding graphic organizers you may visit my other posts:
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/protein-synthesis-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/cellular-respiration-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-calvin-cycle-graphic.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-light-reactions-graphic.html

If you find links in my blog that do not work, please let me know by submitting a comment.  I would like to keep everything up-to-date and relevant.

## Friday, June 18, 2010

### Cellular Respiration - Graphic Organizer - Storyboarding

Biology Inclusion Class Set Includes 3 Student Texts, 1 Student Workbook, Teachers Edition, and Teachers Resource Library (Ags Biology)
I use storyboarding to teach the processes of protein synthesis, photosynthesis, and cellular respiration. I introduce my students to the concept of storyboarding by showing them this American Film Institute video, which can be found on these two web sites:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pWPjjoOFIu8
or
http://www.afi.com/education/screened/demo/screened_tables_student.aspx
However, the above links have now become unavailable.  I'm leaving them in there for reference.
But I found another website that has the video!!!  https://app.schooltube.com/video/d2525f42fd3809f3dabd/Storyboarding%20(AFI's%20Lights,%20Camera,%20Education!)
I did find a website with a video about storyboarding on this website, even though it is not nearly as good as the original, I does give students ideas about drawing out stories as pictures or cartoons.
http://uwsslec.libguides.com/c.php?g=187016&p=1236350

Here is the hand out for Cellular Respiration (see example key at the bottom of this post):

Storyboard - Cellular Respiration
Name _____________________________________________

INSTRUCTIONS FOR STORYBOARDING ACTIVITY – CELLULAR RESPIRATION

1. YOU MUST PUT AT LEAST EIGHT FACTS ONTO YOUR STORYBOARD THAT HELP
EXPLAIN CELLULAR RESPIRATION.
1 PT. EACH

2. YOU MUST USE THE FOLLOWING VOCABULARY WORDS AND MAKE THEM
BOLD:

PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
ATP
GLUCOSE
MITOCHONDRION
CITRIC ACID CYCLE (KREBS CYCLE)
ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN
½ PT. EACH WORD

3. DEFINE EACH OF THE ABOVE VOCABULARY WORDS ON THE BACK OF YOUR
STORYBOARD.
½ PT. EACH WORD

4. YOU MUST DRAW IN THE THREE END PRODUCT MOLECULES.
1 PT. EACH

5. YOU MUST USE THE SUMMARY BIOCHEMICAL EQUATION FOR RESPIRATION.
1 PT. EACH

6. YOU MUST NUMBER THE SIX STORYBOARD SQUARES SO THAT THE READER
WILL BE ABLE TO FOLLOW THEM IN THE CORRECT SEQUENCE.
1 PT. EACH

TOTAL 20 PTS.
Here is the example key for the respiration storyboard:
My previous two posts are the Storyboards for Photosynthesis:  The Light Reactions and the Calvin Cycle.
My next post will be the storyboards for Protein Synthesis.
Update and enrichment:  Nanomachines in the powerhouse of the cell: architecture of the largest protein complex of cellular respiration elucidated

For some explanatory notes and videos about respiration, visit this web site:

Here are some examples of books that utilize graphics to teach:
http://www.powells.com/book/manga-guide-to-molecular-biology-9781593272029/2-2
Also, Larry Gonick's cartoon guides are fun and informative:
http://www.powells.com/SearchResults?kw=title:larry%20gonick
Comics help teach science:
http://www.boon-dah.com/2017/04/27/engine-stem-gains-steam/

For the storyboarding graphic organizers you may visit my other posts:
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/protein-synthesis-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/cellular-respiration-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-calvin-cycle-graphic.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-light-reactions-graphic.html

If you find links in my blog that do not work, please let me know by submitting a comment.  I would like to keep everything up-to-date and relevant.

## Thursday, June 17, 2010

### Photosynthesis - The Calvin Cycle - Graphic Organizer - Storyboarding

I use storyboarding to teach the processes of protein synthesis, photosynthesis, and respiration. I introduce my students to the concept of storyboarding by showing them this American Film Institute video, which can be found on these two web sites: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pWPjjoOFIu8
or
http://www.afi.com/education/screened/demo/screened_tables_student.aspx
However, the above links have now become unavailable.  I'm leaving them in there for reference.
But I found another website that has the video!!!  https://app.schooltube.com/video/d2525f42fd3809f3dabd/Storyboarding%20(AFI's%20Lights,%20Camera,%20Education!)
I did find a website with a video about storyboarding on this website, even though it is not nearly as good as the original, I does give students ideas about drawing out stories as pictures or cartoons.
http://uwsslec.libguides.com/c.php?g=187016&p=1236350

Here are the hand outs for Act II of Photosynthesis - The Calvin Cycle (see example key at the bottom of this post):

Storyboard - Act II - The Calvin Cycle of Photosynthesis
NAME__________________________________________________________________

DIRECTIONS FOR STORYBOARD ACTIVITY—PHOTOSYNTHESIS—THE CALVIN-BENSON CYCLE

1. DRAW A RECTANGLE AROUND EACH OF THE FOUR STEPS IN THE
PROPER SEQUENCE SO THAT THE READER CAN FOLLOW THE STORY.
1 PT.

2. PUT IN AT LEAST FOUR FACTS THAT HELP EXPLAIN PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
1 PT. EACH

3. ON YOUR STORYBOARD, USE THESE VOCABULARY WORDS AT LEAST
ONCE. MAKE THEM BOLD.
STROMA
CARBON FIXATION
ATP
NADPH
GLUCOSE
1 PT. EACH

4. DEFINE THE ABOVE VOCABULARY WORDS ON THE BACK OF YOUR STORYBOARD.
1 PT.EACH

5. IN THE CENTER OF THE STORYBOARD WRITE DOWN THE TOTAL
NUMBER OF OUTPUT CARBONS AT EACH STEP OF THE CYCLE.
1 PT.

6. COLOR THE CARBON “ATOMS” BLACK.
1 PT.

7. COLOR THE ARROW YELLOW, WHERE THE CHEMICAL ENERGY MOLECULES OF ATP
ARE USED IN THE CYCLE. ALSO, COLOR THE OTHER ARROW YELLOW, WHERE THE
MOLECULES OF ATP AND NADPH ARE USED.
1 PT.

8. COLOR ALL OTHER ARROWS BLACK, TO SHOW THE CYCLING OF THE
ORGANIC CARBON MOLECULES.
1 PT.

9. SHOW, ON THE STORYBOARD, AT LEAST TWO POLYMERS THAT ARE
MADE, IN THE PLANT, FROM THE GLUCOSE MOLECULES.
1 PT.

10. DRAW OR PASTE A PICURE OF THE STRUCTURE OF A GLUCOSE
MOLECULE ON YOUR STORYBOARD.

Here is an example of a completed storyboard:

The storyboard for the light reactions of photosynthesis is in the previous post of this blog.  When you are through with your storyboards, then you should listen to and sing the Photosynthesis Song; there is a link to it on the right column of the Science Tutor blog in the "links" section.  In my next post,  I will include the storyboard for cellular respiration, and then I will post the storyboards for protein synthesis.
Here is a link for some lecture notes on the topic: http://chemistry.about.com/od/lecturenotesl3/a/photosynthesis_4.htm
Another great teaching link:
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/nature-s-smallest-factory-the-calvin-cycle-cathy-Symington

Here are some examples of books that utilize graphics to teach:
http://www.powells.com/book/manga-guide-to-molecular-biology-9781593272029/2-2
Also, Larry Gonick's cartoon guides are fun and informative:
http://www.powells.com/SearchResults?kw=title:larry%20gonick

For the storyboarding graphic organizers you may visit my other posts:
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/protein-synthesis-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/cellular-respiration-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-calvin-cycle-graphic.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-light-reactions-graphic.html

If you find links in my blog that do not work, please let me know by submitting a comment.  I would like to keep everything up-to-date and relevant.

### Photosynthesis - The Light Reactions - Graphic Organizer - Storyboarding

I use storyboarding to teach the processes of protein synthesis, photosynthesis, cellular respiration.  I introduce my students to the concept of storyboarding by showing them this American Film Institute video, which can be found at either of these two web sites: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pWPjjoOFIu8  or
http://www.afi.com/education/screened/demo/screened_tables_student.aspx
However, the above links have now become unavailable.  I'm leaving them in there for reference.
But I found another website that has the video!!!  https://app.schooltube.com/video/d2525f42fd3809f3dabd/Storyboarding%20(AFI's%20Lights,%20Camera,%20Education!)
I did find a website with a video about storyboarding on this website, even though it is not nearly as good as the original, I does give students ideas about drawing out stories as pictures or cartoons.
http://uwsslec.libguides.com/c.php?g=187016&p=1236350

Here are the hand outs for Act I of Photosynthesis - The Light Reactions (see example key at the bottom of this post):
Storyboard - Act I - The Light Reactions of Photosynthesis
NAME__________________________________________________________________

DIRECTIONS FOR STORYBOARD ACTIVITY—PHOTOSYNTHESIS—THE LIGHT REACTIONS

THE SAMPLE PICTURE BELOW IS AN EXAMPLE FOR SOME IDEAS IN PRESENTING YOUR INFORMATION.

1. NUMBER EACH STORY SQUARE IN THE PROPER SEQUENCE SO THAT
THE READER CAN FOLLOW THE STORY.
1 PT.

2. PUT IN AT LEAST EIGHT FACTS THAT HELP EXPLAIN PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
1 PT. EACH

3. ON YOUR STORYBOARD, USE THESE VOCABULARY WORDS AT LEAST
ONCE. MAKE THEM BOLD.
PIGMENT
CHLOROPHYLL(S)
CHLOROPLAST(S)
THYLAKOID(S)
STROMA
GRANA
PHOTOSYSTEM(S)
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
1 PT. EACH

4. DEFINE THE ABOVE VOCABULARY WORDS ON THE BACK OF YOUR
STORYBOARD.
1 PT.EACH

5. IN THE FIRST SQUARE, INCLUDE THE SUMMARY CHEMICAL EQUATION
FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
1 PT.

6. IN THE LAST SQUARE, INCLUDE THE THREE MOLECULES THAT ARE THE
END PRODUCTS OF THE LIGHT REACTIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
1 PT.EACH

Here are the example storyboards:

In my next post, I will upload the graphic organizer for the Act II - Calvin Cycle of Photosynthesis.  And after that, I will be uploading the graphic organizers for cellular respiration and protein synthesis, as I get them completed.

Article -- Photosynthesis puzzle solved:

Here are some examples of books that utilize graphics to teach:
http://www.powells.com/book/manga-guide-to-molecular-biology-9781593272029/2-2
Also, Larry Gonick's cartoon guides are fun and informative:
http://www.powells.com/SearchResults?kw=title:larry%20gonick

For the storyboarding graphic organizers you may visit my other posts:
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/protein-synthesis-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/cellular-respiration-graphic-organizer.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-calvin-cycle-graphic.html
http://cavalierscience.blogspot.com/2010/06/photosynthesis-light-reactions-graphic.html

If you find links in my blog that do not work, please let me know by submitting a comment.  I would like to keep everything up-to-date and relevant.